A conventional dental implant is usually known as a “Two Piece” implant which consists of the root component and the tooth component in separate bits. The root component ( implant ) is placed into the jaw bone and to it is connected the tooth component ( abutment ) usually using a tiny screw. The abutment is then prepared or customized to take the final crown. Conventional dental implants are the main type of implants and are an extremely effective long-term solution for missing teeth.
In total two visits are needed over about 4-6 months. The first visit usually requires about 3-5 days and the second visit usually requires about a full week.
This is how they are done:
Step 1: Extraction of the tooth is performed and the implant is placed all in one visit. Sometimes artificial powdered bone material is placed into the empty extraction site to ensure there is enough bone to support the implant. This is called a minor bone graft or a socket graft. If there is not enough bone in the upper jaw molar or premolar implant to be placed bone material is placed in the extraction site and the sinus membrane moved upwards. This is called a sinus lift. In most cases extractions, placement of implants and a socket graft or sinus lift can be done in one appointment. If major bone grafts are required it can entail an extra appointment before the implants can be placed. This can be determined by looking at a panoramic x-ray or CBCT scan. After the implant is screwed into the jaw bone the gums are then sealed over the implant. It then takes about 3-6 months for the implant to osseointegrate with your jaw bone before it is stable enough to support the abutment and crown. The implant placement can take place in just one appointment but an initial consultation and diagnosis visit follow up for suture removal and post operative check-up visits are also required.
Step 2: After the implants are stable you would return to have the abutment and crown fitted. During this visit the gums are opened up the abutments are attached to the implants and then impressions are taken of the abutments and surrounding teeth in order to send off the dental laboratory where the crowns are crafted. It is important that good impression are taken so that when the crowns are fitted they fit properly align and match the bite of your other teeth and have a proper minimal margin at the gum line for best appearance. It takes a few days for the lab to make the crowns and the whole process usually takes about 3 appointments over the course of a full week.
Benefits of conventional dental implants
Conventional implants provide an effective long-term solution for missing teeth restoring function to the mouth and creating a natural attractive smile. The implant tooth will look exactly like a natural tooth and the patient will be able to eat drink and speak without any worry as the root of the tooth is also replaced. Implants are created from titanium and there is no risk of irritation to the gums or interference with neighbouring teeth. Conventional dental implants also prevent bone degeneration which can often occur after tooth loss or when a person wears a denture for a number of years. They also work with many aesthetic materials and thus can provide the highest standard of treatment.